North Korea is, for the 14th consecutive year, the place where Christians face the worst persecution. But here’s a list of ten things you might not know about the secretive state.
The capital became known as the ‘Jerusalem of the East’, and hundreds of churches sprang up.
Korea was officially ruled by Japan between 1910 and 1945, and Christians and other civilians were forced to bow before the altars of the emperor.
After the war ended in 1953, under the dictatorship of Kim Il-Sung, tens of thousands of Christians were killed, imprisoned or banished to remote areas. The rest of the church went underground. Ten years later, there was no visible presence of the church.
And it’s currently ruled by Kim Jong Un, who was proclaimed the ‘Great Successor’ and given the titles ‘Supreme Leader’ and ‘Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces’ when he came to power in 2011. He succeeded his father Kim Jong Il, who had succeeded his own father Kim Il-Sung in 1994.
Most of them keep their faith completely secret; we believe around 70,000 Christians are incarcerated in horrific labour camps, punishment for the discovery of their faith. Open Doors partners are able to meet with some of these secret believers when they make the dangerous and illegal journey over the border into China. Once they are in China, they can stay in one of our safe houses, receive training and encouragement, and take food, Bibles and other materials back with them into North Korea.
One Catholic church, two Protestant churches and a Russian-Orthodox church have been built and hold services. However, defectors testify that these churches serve as showpieces.
This includes poems and songs which praise the morals and majesty of the Kim Il-Sung dynasty. They must also attend weekly meetings to learn ‘Kimilsungism’, the worship of the ruling family.
‘Songbun’ divides society into three classes: the core (28% of the population), the wavering (45%) and the hostile (27%). Christians are considered members of the hostile class. The system is used for food distribution, and those who are of a higher ‘Songbun’ class are given more food than those of a lower class. The system also affects punishments; those of a lower ‘Songbun’ class receive harsher punishments.
Every year there are torrential rains, typhoons and flooding, but the country also suffers from droughts and sand storms. These extreme weather systems often affect people’s livelihoods and food supplies, leaving many without enough to eat. However, Christians are known to share their resources, even if they have very little, and Open Doors partners are able to smuggle food and other aid into the country.
While it is incredibly difficult for those inside North Korea to get information from outside of the country, a survey among defectors and ‘travelers’ in 2010 found that 27 per cent of North Koreans had listened to foreign radio programs in the country. Open Doors partners are involved in broadcasting Christian radio programmes into North Korea.
Just £6 can provide a single survival pack for a secret Christian in North Korea, the most hostile place in the world to be a Christian.
We support people who are beaten, tortured,
imprisoned, falsely accused, and hated simply for following Jesus.